de Broglie concept of matter waves: dual nature of matter

MATTER WAVES : dE-BROGLIE CONCEPT

In 1924, Lewis de-Broglie proposed that matter has dual characteristic just like radiation. His concept about the dual nature of matter was based on the following observations:-

(a)    The whole universe is composed of matter and electromagnetic radiations. Since both are forms of energy so can be transformed into each other.

(b)   The matter loves symmetry.  As the radiation has dual nature, matter should also possess dual character.

According to the de Broglie concept of matter waves, the matter has dual nature. It means when the matter is moving it shows the wave properties (like interference, diffraction etc.) are associated with it and when it is in the state of rest then it shows particle properties. Thus the matter has dual nature. The waves associated with moving particles are matter waves or de-Broglie waves.

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