The atomic theory of magnetism was given by Weber and modified by Ewing. According to this theory:
Following are the some of the basic properties of magnets:
- A magnet attracts magnetic substances like iron, steel towards it. The attraction is maximum at the two ends of the magnet. These ends are called poles of the magnet. Continue reading “Properties of magnets”
The magnetic effects in a magnetic material are due to the atomic dipoles in the materials. These dipoles arise due to the tiny current loops of electrons in atomic orbits. Each revolving electron in the atomic orbit is equivalent to a tiny current loop which is capable of producing a magnetic field and hence atom has a magnetic dipole moment. Continue reading “Reason of magnetic effect in magnetic materials”
Magnetic materials are those materials that can be either attracted or repelled when placed in an external magnetic field and can be magnetized themselves.
Examples: iron or its alloys which are used in various electrical appliances like generators, televisions, cassette recorders, magnetic core computer memories etc. to increase the magnetic flux without increasing the current.
The magnetic properties of a material depend whether it has permanent dipole moment or not, if yes then question arises, how these dipoles are oriented with respect to each other ? On the basis of orientation, the magnetic materials are classified into five categories (a) Diamagnetic (b) Paramagnetic (c) Ferromagnetic (d) Anti – ferromagnetic and (e) Ferrimagnetic.
Note: This article is referred from my book “Electrical Engineering Materials” having ISBN 978-81-272-5069-0