The word holography originates from the Greek words “holos” (complete) and “graphos” (writing). Thus, it is the technique to record the complete picture of an object. The technique was proposed by Gabor in 1947.
An ordinary photograph records the two dimensional image of the picture because it records only the amplitude or intensity distribution. But in holography technique, both, the intensity as well as phase of the light wave is recorded.
In holography, the light waves reflected from an object is recorded. These light waves consist of intensity and phase and the record is called a hologram. The hologram has no resemblance to the original object but it contains all the information about the object in a optical code. Continue reading “Holography”