Properties of ferromagnetic materials

Ferromagnetic materials have following properties:

  • In ferromagnetic materials, the magnetic lines of forces due to the applied magnetic field are strongly attracted towards the material.
  • All ferromagnetic materials become paramagnetic above a temperature called Curie temperature

Tc

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Ferromagnetic materials

Ferromagnetic materials are those magnetic materials which are strongly magnetized even in the absence of external magnetic field.

In other words, there are certain materials whose permanent atomic dipoles have a strong tendency to align themselves in the direction of the field. This property of the material is called ferromagnetism and the materials which exhibit this property are called ferromagnetic materials.

Example: Iron, nickel, cobalt

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