Magnetising Force

The degree to which a magnetic field can magnetise a material is expressed in terms of magnetizing force.

Consider a toroidal solenoid with n turns per unit length carrying a current I. The magnetic induction of the field produced will be Continue reading “Magnetising Force”

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Magnetic flux density

Magnetic flux density is also known as magnetic induction.

When a magnetic material is placed in an external magnetic field then material gets magnetized. Such magnetism produced in the material is called induced magnetism and the phenomenon is called is called magnetic induction

It is also defined as the number of magnetic lines of force inside a magnetized material crossing unit area normal to their direction.

Its S.I. units are weber per square meter.

Reference: This article is referred from my authored book “electrical engineering materials” having ISBN- 978-81-272-5069-0

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Reason of magnetic effect in magnetic materials

The magnetic effects in a magnetic material are due to the atomic dipoles in the materials. These dipoles arise due to the tiny current loops of electrons in atomic orbits. Each revolving electron in the atomic orbit is equivalent to a tiny current loop which is capable of producing a magnetic field and hence atom has a magnetic dipole moment. Continue reading “Reason of magnetic effect in magnetic materials”

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Magnetic Materials

Magnetic materials are those materials that can be either attracted or repelled when placed in an external magnetic field and can be magnetized themselves.

Examples: iron or its alloys which are used in various electrical appliances like generators, televisions, cassette recorders, magnetic core computer memories etc. to increase the magnetic flux without increasing the current.

The magnetic properties of a material depend whether it has permanent dipole moment or not, if yes then question arises, how these dipoles are oriented with respect to each other ? On the basis of orientation, the magnetic materials are classified into five categories (a) Diamagnetic   (b) Paramagnetic   (c) Ferromagnetic   (d) Anti – ferromagnetic and   (e) Ferrimagnetic.

Note: This article is referred from my book “Electrical Engineering Materials” having ISBN 978-81-272-5069-0

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