**DIVERGENCE OF A VECTOR FIELD**

The divergence of a vector at a given point in a vector field is a scalar and is defined as the amount of flux diverging from a unit volume element per second around that point.

The divergence of a vector at a point may be positive if field lines are diverging or coming out from a small volume surrounding the point.

On the other hand, if field lines are converging into a small volume surrounding the point, the divergence of a vector is negative. If the rate at which field lines are entering into a small volume surrounding the point is equal to the rate at which these are leaving that small volume, then the divergence of a vector is zero.

that is, div **A** = 0.

**Analytically Continue reading “divergence and curl of vector field”**